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August 4, 2014
Volume VI, Number 31
In This Issue:

Another River Discovery ... A
"Savannah River" Knife ...
Found By A Diver In The
Savannah River.

How About A "Calf Creek" To
Go With Our Aquatic
Theme?  From Arkansas.

Check Out The Ancient "Paleo
Stemmed Lance" Point From
Ohio.  Similar To The
"Scottsbluff" So Familiar To
Ancient Buffalo Hunters
Across North America In The
Late Paleo To Early Archaic.

Several Arrow Points From
East Texas Made From
Petrified Wood, From The
Woodland Period To The
Mississippian Period.
For Collectors Of Ancient & Authentic Arrowheads ...
Every Week A Point Or Two, Perhaps More, In:
(c) 2013.  All rights reserved.
F. Scott Crawford.
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(c) 2014.  All rights reserved.
F. Scott Crawford, Carrollton, Texas
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This Week We Take A Look At Projectile Points From Both Ends Of The
Spectrum Of Ancient Cultures In North America ... From Paleo And Early
Archaic Period Knife, Lance And Dart Points To Woodland And
Mississippian Period Arrow Points.

First, An Archaic Period "Savannah River" Knife, An Early Archaic
"Calf Creek" Knife (Which Has Also Been Found In Use As A Lance Or
Spear Point, Then A Paleo Era "Paleo Stemmed Lance".

After That We Will Look At Some Arrowheads From East Texas.
This Gunther Barbed arrowhead is linked to a new You Tube video about The QUIVER ... the Monday morning e-newsletter for collectors of ancient and authentic arrowheads ... every week a point or two ... perhaps more.
Click on this Gunther Barbed
arrowhead photograph to view
a new 2 minute video about
"The QUIVER" ... your Monday
morning e-newsletter about
collecting ancient and authentic
arrowheads.  It is now showing
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can be shared with your friends.
Click on this Northern Side
Notched dart point
photograph to view a new 3
minute video about one of the
favorite "pet peeves" of
arrowhead collectors ...
"ARTIFAKES vs. Artifacts".  
Produced to spotlight one of
the benefits for arrowhead
collectors which can be gained
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your Monday morning
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ancient and authentic
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Note:  I have edited the photo captions in last week's "The QUIVER" to indicate possible
artifact identifications for the dart points which Mike Lundmark found along the shore of the
Potomac River last Monday.  The link to last week's edition is down toward the bottom on
the left column, if you want to see how those artifacts might be identified.

(above) is a White County, Arkansas, "Calf Creek" which I believe to be
the finest Calf in the land.

I recently completed negotiations on the other, from Richland County, Ohio,
which Jim Bennett papered as a
"Paleo Stemmed Lance" (my first thought was
"Scottie").  (Shown below the various photos of the Calf Creek and COA.)

This ... "Calf Creek" ... is one of my favorite artifacts.  Even after three years of
owning it I am finding nuances and aspects of the stone work that I didn't
notice.  This one is fascinating on BOTH sides.  I have been carrying a cast of
this one since Michael first made it -- it is beginning to get pocket patina.

I think much of the beauty of this artifact is the sheen of the
Pitkin flint which,
like obsidian, conveys an illusion of depth which draws one's eye to the stone




This is one we discussed some years ago; I bought it about 15 years ago from a
Florida diver who found it at the bottom of the Savanna River.

Ben Stermer subsequently papered it as a
"Savanna River" point.

Surprisingly, he did not comment on the point's asymmetry / unilateral bevel
which leads me to believe the point sustained an impact fracture and was
harvested as a knife form.  I find the stonework to be incredible.


Excellent photo, Bruce!  Often times blades which were used as knives exhibit a similar
asymmetry, as you point out.  This is probably due to the usage pattern, which likely
emphasized one edge over the other.  The beveled edge sharpening also tends to reinforce the
one-sided shape on some knives.

Here is the artifact
identified by Jim
Bennett as a
Stemmed Lance"
given its form, one
can hardly blame
Bruce for thinking
that it might be a
"Scottsbluff" lance
Now, Let's Look At Some Much Younger Artifacts ... Some
Arrowheads From East Texas.

Some Of These Are Made Of Petrified Wood, With Some Agatized Wood, Still
With The Grain Of The Wood Visible In The Stone.

One "Catahoula" Point Is In Excellent Condition, Though It Has What Appears
To Be A "Fire Pop" On One Surface.

Several Other Different Style Points Are In This Group ... In Less Than
Perfect Condition Due To Various Impact Related Fractures.

Some Are What We Call "Snapped Base" With The Only Damage Being That
The Tang Was Broken, Though The Rest Of The Arrowhead Is Whole.
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A petrified wood
"Catahoula" arrow
point from east Texas.
It is in good physical
shape, except for what
appears to be a "fire
pop" on the second
side, however, that
may just be part of the
original surface of the
petrified wood chip
from which the arrow
point was made, in the
Mississippian period,
800-400 B.P.
Petrified wood and
other quartz material

points from east Texas.
These in good physical
shape, except that they
are all "snapped base"
points, with the tang
or stem broken in an
impact related fracture.
The tips are all still
very sharp.
Mississippian period,
800-400 B.P.
The far right point may
be a
"Perdiz", with its
pointed barbs.
This snap based
point from east Texas is
what we call a "heart
Aside from the broken
stem, every other aspect
of the artifact is an
excellent example of the
type.  This series of
photographs shows
what it could have
been, if you have the
imagination to see the
stem of the original
Petrified wood arrow
points from east Texas.
These two have the base
in complete, perfect
shape, just the point of
the tip is broken off in
use. The left arrow
point is a
arrow head from the
Mississippian period,
800-400 B.P.

The arrow point on the
right is a
"Perdiz", with
its pointed barbs and
narrow, pointed stem.  
Mississippian period,
1000-500 B.P.
With this arrow point,
you can clearly see the
grain of the petrified
wood from which it is
made, and the needle
sharp tip often seen on
these small arrowheads.
The second photograph
shows how thin all of
these arrowheads are.
The straighter form
indicates that this is
probably not a
"Catahoula" arrow head,
perhaps it is a
point, with a straight
stem, and with barbs not
as sharp as the
point.  The
point is from the
Woodland to the
Mississippian period,
1200-600 B.P.
Again, you can clearly
see the grain of the
petrified wood from
which this tiny
arrow point is made.  It
is missing only the left
barb, which would be
extended and recurved
toward the tip as does
the right shoulder.  This
point is made from a tiny
chip, trimmed to the
template for this style,
with minimal flaking
work on the second
"Friley" point is
from the Late Woodland
period, 1500-1000 B.P.
These Texas
arrowheads were
recently acquired
from John Sturm in
Houston, Texas.
They were all
originally part of
another gentleman's
60-year collection
throughout his
lifetime in east Texas.
John's eBay ID is