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A Sloan Dalton style spear point.
Our Introductory Edition Story ...
The Ancient Dalton Gang Of
Projectile Points From Missouri &
Beyond ... A Wide Ranging
Technology Used For Hundreds Of
Years In The Early Archaic Period.

"Dalton" style projectile points date to the "Early Archaic"
period (10,000 to 9,200 B.P.).  This stone tool technology was
used across North America, from the Rockies to the East
Coast, from the Gulf of Mexico and Florida north to the
Dakotas and southern Canada.

In use for almost 1,000 years, Dalton knife and projectile
points were in continuous use for perhaps a longer period of
time than any other spear, knife or dart projectile point
design in the history of North America.

The Dalton gang of projectile points has a distinctive base
configuration.  Besides being readily recognizable, the form of
the base also gives us an idea of the shape of the end of the
shaft or handle ... how the slot would be cut to a
standardized shape.  The stone points were made to fit and
match the usual handle or shaft.

See the form of the base ... it is not notched as such ... but is
shaped to fit into a slotted knife handle or slotted dart or
spear shaft.

We can get an idea of the attachment by examining the
standardized bases of Dalton stone tools.  The slot appears to
have been cut at an angle from each side of the shaft, leaving
a rounded point in the bottom of the slot ... not cut straight
across.  In the second photograph you can see a number of
Dalton knives, dart points and even a drill, from the
Midwest, made from different regional cherts.  Some have
been resharpened to the point of exhaustion and discarded.  
All have classic "Dalton" form:  a fairly deep concave base,
and a constricted binding area with slight shoulders.

The base of each of these projectile points would fit into such
a slot as was described above, and would be supported by the
rounded point of wood at the mid position in the slot.

Then, the outside edge of the blade, just above the base, is
trimmed to provide a slight recess where the binding material
would be wrapped.  This method was used for almost 1000
years, generally before true slot-shaped notches came into
widespread use.
The large Dalton point pictured above, measures 3-7/8" long
by 1-1/4" wide.  It was found in Missouri, and is made from
Crescent Quarry Burlington Chert.  Identified as a "Sloan
Dalton", it represents an earlier, larger series in the Dalton
point style designs.  The flaking is normally in the Dalton
parallel style, perpendicular to the axis of the projectile point
or blade.  This example shows fine pressure flaking in its
finish work.  Appears almost unused.  This form does not
exhibit the shoulders we usually see on the Dalton Classic or
other Dalton styles.  The edges are serrated.  The base is
considered a "fish tail" form, not so deeply concave as many
Dalton points.  This example also does not show any
bevelling along the edges, which is often seen in Dalton
points used as knives.
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What Will You Find On The
Internet Today?
Check out these Cahokia arrow
points from southern Illinois.
Casts by Pete Bostrom from
Lithic Casting Lab.
Arrowhead Collecting Books &
Special Reports ... Amazon.com,
CreateSpace.com, etc.
Artifact types, cultural affiliations,
regional examples, etc.  
Information & Ordering Links
F. Scott Crawford
Carrollton, Texas  75010

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